A Caregiver’s Manual for Being Prepared for That Call in the Night
As women, we are often expected to fill multiple roles: that of a loving mother, career woman, supportive wife or partner, volunteer in the community and, at some point for many, a new role—that of caregiver to our parents or loved ones. For the last 20 years, I have helped clients plan for their “golden years”, including how they will address the issues of aging and remaining independent. And now I am personally experiencing it myself—I am the Designated Daughter with my own parents. Because my parents and I had “the conversation” and did the proper planning—I was prepared when I received That Call in the Night. Part of creating the life of your dreams is making sure you address all the “what ifs” in your life. Skipping this step could create unpleasant complications that might be avoided. Our parents and loved ones are living longer and we need to know how this may affect our lives and be prepared with a plan.
Take a look at these statistics:
– When Social Security, Medicare and Medicaid were designed, life expectancy was 63.
– Our fastest growing population is age 85 plus and 50% may have some form of Alzheimers.
– By 2030, 70 million people in the US, or 1-in-5 people, will be age 65.
– Another 1 million people will be 100 years old.
– The need for healthcare and related services is exploding!
(Source: Working with Seniors Health, Financial and Social Issues, 2003)
According to USA Today:
– 60% of US caregivers are female
– 66% are married or living with a partner
– 45 is the average age of US caregivers
– 77 is the average age of the care recipient
– 41% of caregivers have children under the age of 18 at home
– 52% of caregivers are employed full time
Learn how to be prepared, how to talk to your parents or loved ones, what you and they should do to make sure your lives continue to run smoothly and how to avoid costly mistakes.
Step One ~ Get Organized!
You’ll need to gather together the following: One filing cabinet, complete with hanging file and manila folders; a copy of all important documents; a large three-ring binder with big tab dividers; and a colored marker.Use the binder to store copies of important documents. Label the document title on the tab divider. This will come in handy should you need to transport documents. Using your marker, write on the back of each document where the original is stored (i.e. Will stored in safe deposit box and son John has the key.) Have a section on beneficiaries that lists all documents with appointed beneficiaries. Always keep this section current.Next, organize your file cabinet. If you don’t want to store original documents in your file cabinet, note the original’s location in the appropriate file. Create the following titles for your hanging files and store items under each category in labeled manila folders.
A. Important Information
1. Location of safe deposit box and key
2. Passwords for debit card, online accounts, computer, and voicemail
3. Armed forces documents
4. Birth and marriage certificates
5. Names and phone numbers of your attorney, CPA, financial planner, broker, and insurance agents
6. Copy of tax returns and winter/summer tax assessments
7. Copy of Social Security Estimate Statement
B. Legal Planning
1. Copy of will and trusts
2. Copy of life and unemployment insurance policies
3. Durable Power of Attorney (DPOA) documents
4. Prepaid funeral and burial arrangements/plan for pet relocation and expenses
1. Copy of each credit card with contact phone number
2. Divide out by financial institution a copy of bank statements, brokerage accounts, annuities, IRA’s, stock/bond certificates, and dividend reinvestment plans (DRIP)
3. Copy of retirement plans and investment real estate documents
4. Copy of “Survivor’s” Pension Benefit (what will surviving spouse receive after the retiree dies?)
1. Name and phone numbers of physicians, dentist, and pharmacy (list prescriptions)
2. Copy of medical insurance card and benefits guidebook
3. Long term care and disability insurance policies
4. Patient Advocate Designation document. Give primary care physician a copy
5. Copy of Medicare card and account number
1. Copy of home deed, homeowners insurance (umbrella policies)
2. Copy of mortgage and home equity loan statements
3. Copy of auto title, loan/lease, and insurance documents
4. Copy of statements for gas, electric, water, waste management, telephones, etc.
5. Home maintenance file to include repair receipts, phone number of repairmen, warrantees, and appliance insurance.
Step Two ~ Discovery
Your documentation is organized. Breathe a sigh of relief! Next, you’ll need to assemble a team of people who can manage things if you’re unable to do so. Create a list of family members and evaluate the following:
1. Their role in the family, strengths, weaknesses, worries, living situation, income,monthly and annual expenses, insurance (including long-term care), emotional and physical health, goals and values.
2. How long will their money last if the family situation changes?
3. How do they feel about taking on a new role?
Now you’re ready to select individuals you want on your team. Include any that apply: family members, doctors, home care specialist, attorney, certified elder law specialists, insurance agents, brokers, CPA, caregivers, certified financial planner, therapist, etc. Many of these professionals are trained to help families deal with health, financial, and social issues in a holistic way.
Step Three ~ Create a Financial Plan
Sit down with a certified financial planner and develop a financial plan that addresses the following:
• Create a cash flow statement which breaks down income and expenses.
• Determine your net worth by listing assets and liabilities.
• Review tax situation for capital gains/losses with real estate or stocks.
• Discuss inherited IRA status vs. pension /profit sharing plans.Investments:
• Analyze investments for quality, safety, income needs, tax situation, etc.
• Are investments manageable, properly diversified, or all over the place?
• Establish amount of assets necessary to meet your lifetime income needs.
• Project retirement income needs in several situations (i.e. home care/assisted living, utilizing long-term care insurance benefits if applicable.
• Review documents and analyze current estate plan.
• Verify beneficiaries on life insurance, annuities, retirement plans, & 401K
• Decide what you need and desire for financial independence. How much will you leave for a family legacy? How will you allocate your social legacy regarding gift and tax?Protection:
• Assess cash flow projections and alternate scenarios regarding disability, long-term care, and premature death.
Step Four ~ Meet with Your Team
Now that you’ve got everything in place, sit down with your team members and develop a plan of action that satisfies your goals, values, and objectives. The final product should enable you to maintain your dignity, lifestyle, and assets. In addition, the plan should be clear, concise, easy to manage, and tax efficient. It should also acknowledge the needs of whoever becomes the caregiver. The end result…everyone involved is able to sleep at night knowing all concerns have been addressed and that a team and a plan is in place to accommodate all those what ifs.
About The Author
Katana Abbott is a certified financial planner who built a $100 million investment management and financial planning practice over 20 years and recently retired to follow her dream – The Designated Daughter Program® and Smart Women’s Coaching®. Visit www.designateddaughter.com to sign up for her monthly newsletter and be invited to events, workshops and teleclasses.
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